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EDUCATION IN GHANA

Ghana Embassy Israel - Education in Ghana

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Education  in Ghana  is divided into  three phases:

Basic  Education  (Kindergarten, Primary   School, Junior  High   School), Education   (Senior  High  School, technical and  vocational education)  and Tertiary Education (universities, polytechnics and colleges). School going age  in Ghana is from age 3-21.

The educational structure of Ghana  comprises:

Pre-School (Ages 3-5)

Basic/Primary School equivalent to  Elementary School (Ages 6-11)

Junior High School equivalent to Middle School (Ages 12-14)

Senior High School equivalent to High School  (Ages 15-17)

Tertiary Education/Institution equivalent to College/ University (Ages 18-21)

 

Basic education  is compulsory  in Ghana.  The  Senior   High  School system   was introduced in 2007. In the public national schools, all students take a Core curriculum consisting of English  Language, Integrated Science,  Mathematics,  and Social Studies. Each student  also takes  three  or four Elective subjects, chosen  from one   of seven groups:  Sciences, "Arts" (social sciences and  humanities), Vocational  (visual arts or home   economics), Technical, Business, or Agriculture.

 

Ghanaian university   admission is highly  competitive, especially in fields such as medicine, engineering, law, business  and  pharmacy.  The  quality of education  is high, and is evidenced by the   human resources available. In an effort to attract international enrollment, all Ghanaian  universities operate on a  modular,  semester  system.    The University of  Ghana   is committed   to   10%  international  population  and attracts

significant numbers of American  students, as well as students from Africa and  Europe. The United Nations University operates several  programs  on campus   in fields of health and development.

 

The sole official language of instruction throughout the Ghanaian educational system is English. Students  may study  in any of eleven local  languages for much of  the first three years, after which English becomes the medium.

 

The Ministry of Education  is responsible for the administration and the coordination of public education.  Its multiple  agencies  handle the concrete implementation   of policies, in cooperation with the local authorities.