H.E. Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo
President of Ghana
H.E Dr. Mahamadu Bawumia
Vice President of Ghana
OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT
H.E. Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo
President of the Republic of Ghana
H.E President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo is the 5th President of the Fourth Republic of Ghana. He was born on the 29th March, 1944. Nana is a Ghanaian politician from Kyebi and Akropong-Akuapem in the Eastern Region.
He ran for President of Ghana in the
2008 and 2012 presidential elections as the New Patriotic Party (NPP) candidate, but was defeated both times by the NDC candidate: John Atta Mills in 2008 and John Dramani Mahama in 2012. He was chosen as the
NPP’s flag bearer for a third time in the 2016 elections and defeated Mahama in the first round (winning 54% of the votes). He was sworn into office on Saturday January 7, 2017 as the fifth President of the Fourth Republic.
He previously served as Attorney General from 2001 to 2003 and as Minister for Foreign Affairs from 2003 to 2007.
Akufo-Addo was born in Accra, Ghana, to a prominent Ghanaian royal and political family as the son of Edward and Adeline Akuffo-Addo. His
father was Ghana’s third Chief Justice from 1966 to 1970, Chairman of the 1967-1968 Constitutional Commission and the non-executive President of Ghana from 1970 till 1972. Akufo-Addo’s maternal grandfather was Nana Sir Ofori Atta, King of Akyem Abuakwa who was a member of the Executive Council of the Governor of the Gold Coast before Ghana’s independence. He is a nephew of Kofi Asante Ofori-Atta and William Ofori Atta. His great-uncle was J. B. Danquah, another member of The Big Six.
He started his primary education at the Government Boys School, Adabraka, and later at the Rowe Road School (now Kimbu) both in Accra Central. He went to England to study for his O-Level and A-Level examinations at Lancing College, Sussex. He began the Philosophy, Politics and Economics course at New College, Oxford in 1962, but left soon after. He returned to Ghana in 1962 to teach at Accra Academy Secondary School, before going to read Economics at the University of Ghana, Legon, in 1964, earning a BSc(Econ) degree in 1967. He subsequently studied law in the UK and was called to the English Bar
(Middle Temple) in July 1971. Akufo-Addo was called to the Ghana bar in July 1975. He worked with the Paris office of U.S. law firm Courdet Freres. In 1979, he co-founded the law firm Prempeh and Co.
Akufo-Addo’s participation in politics began in the late 1970s when he joined the People’s Movement for Freedom and Justice,an organization formed to oppose the General Acheampong-led Supreme Military Council’s
Union Government proposals. In May 1995, he was among a broad group of elites who formed Alliance for Change, an alliance that organized demonstrations against neo-liberal policies such as the introduction of Value Added Tax and human rights violations of the Rawlings presidency. The broad based opposition alliance later collapsed as the elite leaders jostled for leadership positions. In the 1990s, he formed a civil rights organization called Ghana’s Committee on Human and People’s Rights.
In October 1998, Nana Akufo-Addo competed for the presidential candidacy of the NPP and lost to John Kufuor, the man who eventually
won the December 2000 presidential election and assumed office as President of Ghana in January 2001. Akufo-Addo was the chief
campaigner for candidate Kufuor in the 2000 election and became the first Attorney General and Minister for Justice of the Kufuor era
before he was later moved to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and NEPAD.
In 2007, the former Attorney-General and Foreign Affairs Minister was the popular candidate tipped to win NPP’s presidential primaries. In 2008, Akufo-Addo represented NPP in a closely contested election against John Atta Mills of NDC. In the first round of voting, Akufo-Addo tallied 49.13%, leading Atta
Mills with a slim margin that was below the constitutional threshold of 50% to become the outright winner. Akufo-Addo again was NPP’s presidential candidate in the 2012 national
electionsagainst major rival NDC’s John Mahama, successor of Akufo-Addo’s previous rival, the late Atta Mills. Mahama was delcaredthe winner of the election, an outcome that was legally challenged by
Akufo-Addo. The court case generated considerable controversy, and was finally decided by the Ghana Supreme Court in a narrow 5/4 decision in favour of Mahama. Akufo-Addo accepted the verdict in the interest of economic stability and international goodwill. In March 2014, Akufo-Addo announced his decision to seek his party’s
nomination for the third time ahead of the 2016 election. In the NPP primary conducted in October 2014, he was declared victor with 94.35% of the votes.
Akufo-Addo also served as Chair of the Commonwealth Observer Mission for the South African elections in 2014.
He was born on October 7, 1963 in Tamale to the late Alhaji Mumuni Bawumia, former Chairman of the Council of State (1992-2000) and Hajia Mariama Bawumia.
His father was a teacher, lawyer and politician and a Mamprugu Royal and Paramount Chief of Kperiga in the Northern Region.
Dr Bawumia is married to Samira Ramadan Bawumia, the only daughter of Alhaji Ahmed Ramadan, the former PNC National Chairman with three children.
He was born into a large family and the 12th of his father's 18 children and the second of his mother's five children.
He attended the Sakasaka Primary School in Tamale, and gained admission to the Tamale Secondary School in 1975.
He was President of the Ghana United Nations Students' Association (GUNSA) in 1981.
After his second cycle education, he went to the United Kingdom where he studied banking and obtained the Chartered Institute of Bankers Diploma (ACIB).
He obtained a First Class Honours Degree in Economics from Buckingham University in 1987.
He then obtained a master's degree in Economics at Lincoln College, Oxford, and obtained a Ph.D. in Economics at the Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada in 1995.
His areas of specialization include Macroeconomics, International Economics, Development Economics and Monetary Policy.
From 1988 to 1990, Dr. Bawumia worked as a lecturer in Monetary Economics, and International Finance at the Emile Woolf College of Accountancy in London, England.
He also served as an economist at the Research Department of the International Monetary Fund in Washington, DC, USA.
From 1996 to 2000, he served as an Assistant Professor of Economics at Hankamer School of Business, Baylor University, Texas, USA, where he also received the Young Researcher Award in 1998.
He returned to Ghana in 2000 to work as an economist at the Bank of Ghana. He rose from Senior Economist to Head of Department, and subsequently as Special Assistant to the Governor of the Bank.
In June 2006, President J.A. Kufuor appointed him as a Deputy Governor of the Bank.
Dr Bawumia was selected by Nana Akufo-Addo as his running mate in the 2008 elections, which saw the NPP increased its votes in the 2004 elections, especially in the three Northern regions.
Dr Bawumia served as a Consultant to the Economic Commission of Africa from February to March 2009. From April to October 2009, he was a Visiting Scholar at the University of British Columbia Liu Centre for Global Studies and UBC Fisheries Centre.
In October 2009, he was appointed as a Fellow of the International Growth Centre (IGC), a research institute based jointly at the London School of Economics and Political Science and
Oxford University that provides advice on economic growth to governments of developing countries, specifically serving as an IGC Team Member for Sierra Leone.
He also served as an Advisor to the Central Bank of Sierra Leone on the redesigning of the organisational structure of the Bank and its monetary policy framework.
In January 2010, Bawumia was appointed Resident Representative of the African Development Bank for Zimbabwe by the African Development Bank.
He served in this position until reappointed as the Vice-Presidential Candidate to Nana Akufo-Addo on the ticket of the New Patriotic Party for the 2012 Presidential Election.
Bawumia was re-nominated as the Vice-Presidential Candidate to Nana Akufo-Addo for the 2012 General Election in March 2012.
The Party won 10 seats in the Northern Region including Yendi, Walewale, Yagaba - Kubore, Bunkpurugu, Bimbilla, Chereponi, Kpandai, Tatale - Sanguli, Tolon and Zabzugu.
It also won the Nabdam and Talensi Constituencies in the Upper East Region although his presidential candidate Nana Akufo-Addo lost the Presidential Elections to the incumbent John Dramani Mahama.
However, in the 2016 elections, the NPP emerged victorious with Dr Bawumia as the running mate and took five parliamentary seats in the Upper West Region for the first time and the Party also increased its presidential votes significantly in the Northern, Upper East and Upper West Regions